Rembrandt: Lightening the Darkness
21 October 2017 – 7 January 2018
A major exhibition of prints, paintings and drawings by Rembrandt at Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery
The internationally revered Dutch artist Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669) is the subject of a major exhibition presented by Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery from Saturday 21 October until Sunday 7 January 2018.
Rembrandt: Lightening the Darkness focuses specifically on one of the less well-known aspects of Rembrandt’s output, namely his fascination with print-making, in particular his use of this medium to explore innovative tonal gradations to produce evocative images of the Dutch landscape, biblical scenes full of drama and pathos, as well as sensitive portraits, including many introspective self-portraits. Not many people today know that during his lifetime, Rembrandt was as famed for his etchings as for his paintings. In Britain, for example, he was far better known as a printmaker.
Forming the core of this compelling exhibition is the nationally important but little known collection of Rembrandt etchings held by Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery, the fourth most important of its kind in the country. This collection was bequeathed to Norwich Castle in 1951 (see notes to editors).
The exhibition is jointly curated by Dr Francesca Vanke, Keeper of Art and Curator of Decorative Art, and Dr Giorgia Bottinelli, Curator of Historic Art, both of Norwich Castle Museum.
Dr Francesca Vanke says: “This is the first time Norwich Castle’s extraordinary collection of etchings by Rembrandt have been exhibited as a group for more than thirty years. The exhibition demonstrates how Rembrandt’s handling of light and darkness, expressed purely through the medium of black lines and the white space around them, was unsurpassed.”
Rembrandt’s preoccupation with light and shade can be seen throughout his work, as exemplified by specially selected additional works which complement the prints.
Three oil paintings: A Woman in Bed from the National Galleries of Scotland, Christ and St Mary Magdalen at the Tomb from the Royal Collection and Anna and the Blind Tobit from the National Gallery have generously been loaned to Norwich for this exhibition. The British Museum has also loaned a chalk and wash drawing The Angel preventing Abraham from sacrificing his son Isaac, together with four prints. It is highly unlikely that these works have ever been exhibited together before.
Dr Giorgia Bottinelli explains: “By comparing prints with a chosen group of paintings and drawings we are showing how physical and metaphorical light and darkness meet and combine in Rembrandt’s work in all media, creating narratives that communicate to the viewer across time.”
The process of etching has been used in printmaking since the Middle Ages and is achieved by the artist drawing a picture with a needle onto a metal plate which has been covered with a waxy ground. The plate is then dipped in acid, which then bites into the lines created by the artist. Rembrandt was highly skilled in etching, as well as other related techniques of engraving and drypoint. As such he is credited as being one of the world’s most renowned and innovative printmakers.
83 of the etchings from Norwich Castle’s Rembrandt collection are included in the exhibition. The subjects of the prints cover the whole range of his oeuvre including self-portraits, portraits of friends and family, among them a particularly lovely study of Rembrandt’s mother, landscapes, biblical scenes as well as genre and nude studies.
Each of the prints vividly reveals Rembrandt’s outstanding ability to capture the many nuances of light and shade. Enigmatic figures emerge from evocative darkened backgrounds, night is subtly differentiated from shadow, while narrative and emotion are heightened by contrasts and perfectly added highlights.
Unlike many artists Rembrandt printed the plates himself and often re-worked them as can be seen from comparing different states of the same subject. As such, printmaking to him was a constantly evolving art. In addition he was perpetually experimenting, often employing different acids and using hatching lines of varying thickness, bitten to depths of various degrees, in his attempts to achieve greater tonal effects. Different papers, European and Oriental, as well as oatmeal and vellum, were also a means to create further gradations in texture and contrast. Rembrandt treated print-making as an artistic medium in its own right, rather than merely a means of the mass reproduction of existing works, as had been the case up to this point.
The exhibition includes a print room to guide visitors through the print-making process while original copper etching plates from the Norwich School of artists drawn from the Norwich Castle collections will also illuminate this fascinating process.
Margaret Dewsbury, Chair of Norfolk County Council’s Communities Committee said: “Visitors from the area and further afield will relish this beautiful exhibition by one of the most important and best-loved artists in European history, and enjoy observing the minute and intense detail of Rembrandt’s prints. The exhibition presents a rare opportunity to view at close range this outstanding but until now little known collection – and is another example of the cultural riches Norwich has to offer.”
The exhibition is accompanied by a publication, the first devoted to the Norwich Castle Rembrandt etching collection, written by Dr Francesca Vanke and Dr Giorgia Bottinelli. The exhibition is supported by headline sponsors Birketts LLP.
Rembrandt: Lightening the Darkness is the latest in a series of world-class exhibitions mounted by Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery. Norwich Castle is known for its original, varied and highly ambitious exhibition programme, which continues to attract growing audiences well beyond the boundaries of East Anglia.
Norwich Museums Service collection of Rembrandt etchings:
Norfolk Museums Service outstanding collection of Rembrandt etchings is the fourth most important collection in the country after the British Museum, the Ashmolean Museum and the Fitzwilliam Museum.
The collection, which in its entirety comprises 93 examples, was bequeathed to the Castle in 1951 in the will of the London art dealer Percy Moore Turner (1877-1950), the trusted advisor of Samuel Courtauld, a passionate art collector who helped to establish the Courtauld Collection and encouraged the Tate and National Galleries to purchase Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings for the nation. Turner spent part of his life in Norwich and was involved with the Castle during the 1920s and 30s. He believed in the importance of museums, and that the public should have access to great art.
The most important print in the collection is an impression of the fifth state of Christ Presented to the People, printed on vellum.
Rembrandt: Lightening the Darkness
Saturday 21 October 2017 to Sunday 7 January 2018
Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery
Tel. +44 (0)1603 495897 www.museums.norfolk.gov.uk
Please see attached sheet for visitor information details.
The exhibition is accompanied by a richly illustrated publication, Rembrandt: Lightening the Darkness, Norfolk Museums Service, 2017, 96 pp, 215mm x 280mm, 43 full page illustrations. Retail price £12.99. ISBN: 978-0903101890
Headline Sponsor Birketts LLP
Jonathan Agar, Chief Executive Officer at Birketts commented, “As passionate supporters of the Norfolk community, and having a strong Anglo-Dutch legal practice, Birketts is proud to sponsor Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery and East Anglia Art Fund. We are delighted to support the Rembrandt: Lightening the Darkness exhibition which explores the extraordinary collection of one of the world’s greatest printmakers.”
Birketts LLP is a full service law firm with offices in Cambridge, Chelmsford, Ipswich and Norwich offering a comprehensive range of legal services to businesses, institutions and financially independent private clients. With 60 partners and a total headcount of over 550, Birketts LLP is large enough to provide specialist skills in most areas of the law but small enough to maintain a personal service. To find out more, watch our short video. www.birketts.co.uk
East Anglia Art Fund:
The East Anglia Art Fund (EAAF) is dedicated to enriching cultural life in East Anglia by supporting the best in exhibitions and art education.
We Came Here to Conquer
Timothy Gurney Gallery – Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery
Visitors to the Rembrandt exhibition will also have the opportunity to view another new show, which brings together eleven locally- based contemporary artists working with print and printmaking. Their specially commissioned work has been produced in response to the modern and contemporary print collection at Norwich Castle and will be shown alongside the prints that have influenced or shaped the direction of the commissions.
The exhibition will be accompanied by an events programme as well as a publication and will draw connections with the Rembrandt exhibition in the main galleries to demonstrate the alluring appeal of printmaking on artists working today.
The artists are: Carl Rowe, Aaron Scott Griffin, Flora Parrott, Matthew Benington, Sophie Purchase, Jade Jamean Lees, Adam Bridgland, Alec Game, Reece Jones, Gabrielle Walker and Charlie Barkus.
Recent world class exhibitions held at Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery:
The Wonder of Birds – 2014
Homage to Manet – 2015
Artist Rooms: Jeff Koons – 2016
British Art Show 8 – 2016
Fishermen & Kings: The photography of Olive Edis – 2016
Nelson & Norfolk – 2017
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